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Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry

2017-2-25  Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry. Excerpted from "RARE: The High-Stakes Race to Satisfy Our Needs" by Keith Veronese, published by Prometheus Books, 2015. Reprinted with permission from the publisher. Prior to the

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Rare earth: health and environment effects health effects ...

Rare earth: health and environment effects; Effects on human health; Whether rare earth elements are harmful or not depends on the amount and duration of exposure. Usually, only when a person is exposed to a great quantity of REE over a long time, is it possible the result will be serious.

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China Wrestles with the Toxic Aftermath of Rare Earth ...

2019-7-2  Beginning in the 1990s, rare earth mining took off in this region, located in Southeast China about 300 miles north of Hong Kong. As China began to produce more smartphones, wind turbines, electric vehicles, and other high-tech products requiring

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Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks ...

2013-1-28  The mining of rare earth metals, used in everything from smart phones to wind turbines, has long been dominated by China. But as mining of these key elements spreads to countries like Malaysia and Brazil, scientists warn of the dangers of the

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Environmental Damage - MIT

2012-12-11  Environmental Damage. brief one. Throughout the cycle of mining processes that rare earth elements go through, there is potential for negative effects on the environment. Extracting rare earth elements begins with mining. This is followed

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Rare Earth Elements: A Resource Constraint of the Energy ...

2021-5-18  Rare earth elements are widely distributed throughout the earth’s crust, but generally in low concentrations. The concentration of individual REEs depends on the type of mineral deposit being mined, and REEs are often found alongside radioactive elements such as thorium and uranium (Rhodes 2011). Production is thus geographically limited to ...

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China's ion-adsorption rare earth resources, mining ...

2013-10-1  China's production of rare earth minerals increased by an annual average of 40% between 1978 and 1989 ( Fig. 1) and has provided more than 90% of the world's supply since 2001 ( Su, 2009, Chen, 2011, Anonymous, 2012 ). As a result, China's rare earth reserve has been steadily decreasing from 75% in 1970 to 23% in 2011 ( Chen, 2010a, Chen, 2011 ...

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Simulating producer responses to selected chinese rare ...

2018-3-1  Mined rare earth materials, which are further processed into rare earth oxides 1 (REOs), are subject to supply risk because of the geographic concentration of production in China and the resulting fragility of rare earth markets as illustrated by the dramatic price increases in 2010 and 2011 in which certain rare earths’ prices increased by ...

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Environmental Risks of Mining - Massachusetts Institute of ...

2012-12-11  Already mines in China release 9,600 to 12,000 cubic meters of toxic gas containing flue dust concentrate, hydrofluoric acid, sulfur dioxide, and sulfuric acid for each ton of rare earth elements produced. Additionally, nearly 75 cubic meters of

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(PDF) China's Rare Earth Elements Industry: What Can the ...

The light rare earth elements are lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, and samarium (atomic numbers 57-62), and. they are more abundant than heavy ones. The heavy rare earth elements ...

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Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry

2017-2-25  Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry. Excerpted from "RARE: The High-Stakes Race to Satisfy Our Needs" by Keith Veronese, published by Prometheus Books, 2015. Reprinted with permission from the publisher. Prior to the rise of rare earth

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Rare earth supply disruptions have long-range impacts ...

2021-5-21  From phones to fighter jets, a range of devices and machines rely on rare earth elements that are mined and refined largely in China. Disruptions to this supply can have wide-ranging consequences, but the understanding of how those disruptions

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China's Ion-adsorption Rare Earth Resources, Mining ...

Request PDF On Oct 1, 2013, X. Jin Yang and others published China's Ion-adsorption Rare Earth Resources, Mining Consequences and Preservation Find, read and cite all the research you need on ...

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Consequence of B-site substitution of rare earth (Gd+3) on ...

2020-7-9  Rare-earth-doped ferrite nanomaterials are known to show remarkable variation in structural, magnetic, and electrical behavior compared to their un-doped counterparts. In this report, low-temperature synthesis of Gd+3-doped manganese ferrite with composition MnFe2−xGdxO4 (x = 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08) has been represented. This report includes structural investigations done using X-ray ...

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Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks ...

2013-1-28  The mining of rare earth metals, used in everything from smart phones to wind turbines, has long been dominated by China. But as mining of these key elements spreads to countries like Malaysia and Brazil, scientists warn of the dangers of the

More

Environmental Damage - MIT

2012-12-11  Most rare earth elements are mined through open pit mining, which involves opening the surface of the earth using heavy equipment and machinery. Creating this disruption on the surface of the earth disrupts thriving ecosystems. Furthermore, mines are the point source of release for three major contaminants: are radionuclides, rare earth ...

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An Overview of Rare Earth Elements and Related Issues

2020-11-24  An Overview of Rare Earth Elements and Related Issues for Congress Congress is considering legislative changes that could address U.S. access to rare earth elements. Rare earth elements (REE), a group of 17 elements included in the list of critical minerals pursuant to Executive Order 13817, are used in many components and products in various

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Rare Earth Elements: A Resource Constraint of the Energy ...

2021-5-18  Rare earth elements are widely distributed throughout the earth’s crust, but generally in low concentrations. The concentration of individual REEs depends on the type of mineral deposit being mined, and REEs are often found alongside radioactive elements such as thorium and uranium (Rhodes 2011). Production is thus geographically limited to ...

More

Lithium, Cobalt, and Rare Earths: the Post-Petroleum ...

2021-5-21  Rare-earth elements encompass a group of 17 metallic substances scattered across the Earth’s surface but rarely found in mineable concentrations. Among them, several are

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Environmental Risks of Mining - Massachusetts Institute of ...

2012-12-11  Already mines in China release 9,600 to 12,000 cubic meters of toxic gas containing flue dust concentrate, hydrofluoric acid, sulfur dioxide, and sulfuric acid for each ton of rare earth elements produced. Additionally, nearly 75 cubic meters of

More

China's Ion-adsorption Rare Earth Resources, Mining ...

Request PDF On Oct 1, 2013, X. Jin Yang and others published China's Ion-adsorption Rare Earth Resources, Mining Consequences and Preservation Find, read and cite all the research you need on ...

More

China's ion-adsorption rare earth resources, mining ...

2018-11-19  China's ion-adsorption rare earth resources, mining consequences and preservation X. Jin Yanga,n, Aijun Lina, Xiao-Liang Lib, Yiding Wuc, Wenbin Zhoud, Zhanheng Chene a Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China b Department of Environmental Economics, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning,

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Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks ...

2013-1-28  The mining of rare earth metals, used in everything from smart phones to wind turbines, has long been dominated by China. But as mining of these key elements spreads to countries like Malaysia and Brazil, scientists warn of the dangers of the

More

An Overview of Rare Earth Elements and Related Issues

2020-11-24  An Overview of Rare Earth Elements and Related Issues for Congress Congress is considering legislative changes that could address U.S. access to rare earth elements. Rare earth elements (REE), a group of 17 elements included in the list of critical minerals pursuant to Executive Order 13817, are used in many components and products in various

More

Rare-earth mining in China comes at a heavy cost for local ...

2012-8-7  It was in 1958 – when he was 10 – that a state-owned concern, the Baotou Iron and Steel company (Baogang), started producing rare-earth minerals. The lake appeared at that time.

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Selective Recovery of Platinum Group Metals and Rare

2016-8-19  The suite of sixteen rare earth elements (REE), excluding Pm, have been separated by an MRT process on the laboratory scale at the gt;99% level from a pregnant leach solution (PLS) derived from an REE ore body. Subsequent separation of this set of separated REE into its individual components has also been demonstrated at the gt;99% level.

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Critical Materials Rare Earths Supply Chain: A Situational ...

2020-4-13  of Recovering Rare Earth Elements Program focuses on developing technologies for the recovery of rare earth elements and critical minerals from coal and coal-based resources. 7 A Federal Strategy to Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Materials. U.S. Department of Commerce. June 2019. Available online at:

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The dystopian lake filled by the world’s tech lust - BBC ...

2015-4-2  In 1950, before rare earth mining started in earnest, the city had a population of 97,000. Today, the population is more than two-and-a-half million. There is only one reason for this huge influx ...

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The Truth Behind China's Rare Earths Embargo

2010-10-21  Monday, China embargoed exports of rare earth elements to the United States. Rare earths, in case you need a refresher, are a class of 17 elements used in

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Critical minerals scarcity could threaten ... - Stanford Earth

2018-1-17  Rare metals are especially vital for renewable energy technologies, such as electric cars and solar panels. For example, a single Tesla vehicle requires about 15 pounds, or a bowling ball’s worth, of lithium, and thin, cheap solar panels need tellurium, one of the rarest elements on Earth.

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